Interchange Series

The Interchange series contains articles about railroads that interchanged with the Pennsy, including fleet statistics and paint schemes with era-appropriateness guidance. A few noteworthy or pertinent freelance model railroads are included.

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Norfolk and Western Railway heraldThe Norfolk and Western Railway (reporting mark NW), was a US class I railroad, formed by more than 200 railroad mergers between 1838 and 1982. It was headquartered in Roanoke, Virginia, for most of its existence. Its motto was "Precision Transportation"; it had a variety of nicknames, including "King Coal" and "British Railway of America" even though the N&W had mostly articulated steam on its roster. During the Civil War, the N&W was the biggest railroad in the south and moved most of the products with their steam locomotives to help the South the best way they could.

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200px Great Northern HeraldThe Great Northern Railway (reporting mark GN) was an American Class I railroad. Running from Saint Paul, Minnesota, to Seattle, Washington, it was the creation of 19th-century railroad entrepreneur James J. Hill and was developed from the Saint Paul & Pacific Railroad. The Great Northern's (GN) route was the northernmost transcontinental railroad route in the U.S.

On March 2nd, 1970 the Great Northern, together with the Northern Pacific Railway, the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad and the Spokane, Portland and Seattle Railway merged to form the Burlington Northern Railroad. The BN operated until 1996, when it merged with the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway to form the Burlington Northern and Santa Fe Railway.

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Canadian Pacific Railway logo 2014.svgThe Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR), also known formerly as CP Rail (reporting mark CP) between 1968 and 1996, is a historic Canadian Class I railroad incorporated in 1881. The railroad is owned by Canadian Pacific Railway Limited, which began operations as legal owner in a corporate restructuring in 2001. As of 1950, the CP owned the fourth largest fleet of box cars in North America.

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330px CN Railway logo.svgThe Canadian National was formed in 1919, The railway was referred to as the Canadian National Railways (CNR) between 1918 and 1960, and as Canadian National/Canadien National (CN) from 1960 to the present. As of 1950, the CN owned the second largest fleet of box cars in North America.

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260px Northern Pacific Railway Logo November 1952The Northern Pacific Railway (reporting mark NP) was a transcontinental railroad that operated across the northern tier of the western United States, from Minnesota to the Pacific Northwest. The NP merged with other lines in 1970 to form the Burlington Northern Railroad, which became BNSF Railway in 1996.

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Pacific Fruit Express (reporting mark PFE) was an American railroad refrigerator car leasing company that at one point was the largest refrigerator car operator in the world.

The company was founded on December 7, 1906 as a joint venture between the Union Pacific and Southern Pacific railroads. It began operation on October 1, 1907, with a fleet of 6,600 refrigerator cars built by the American Car and Foundry Company (ACF). The company was founded on December 7, 1906 as a joint venture between the Union Pacific and Southern Pacific railroads. It began operation on October 1, 1907, with a fleet of 6,600 refrigerator cars built by the American Car and Foundry Company (ACF).

In 1923, the Western Pacific Railroad joined the venture by leasing its own new fleet of 2775 reefers to PFE. They were painted in standard PFE colors with only WP heralds on the cars instead of the paired UP-SP markings. The WP cars were all retired by the late 1950s, among the last wooden reefers in PFE's fleet. WP ended its partnership with PFE in late 1967 and joined Fruit Growers Express instead.

PFE's assets were divided between the UP and SP when the company was split on April 1, 1978. It is now a UP subsidiary.

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As of December 31, 1950, the following quantities of gondolas were rostered in North America, according to the Official Railway Equipment Register (ORER). These "Top 22" owners represented more than 80 percent of the total.

Railroad Gondola Cars Models1
PRR 38,327 Bowser
Tangent Scale Models
NYC 20,861 InterMountain
Walthers
B&O 14,016 Walthers
SP, T&NO 12,347 InterMountain
MILW 11,333 Walthers
L&N 11,400  
ATSF 10,596 InterMountain
Walthers
P&LE 10,096 Walthers
SOU 9,180 InterMountain
CB&Q 8,881 InterMountain
MP Lines 7,225 InterMountain
C&O 7,202 InterMountain
RDG 6,857 Walthers
NKP, W&LE 6,833 Walthers
IC 6,740  
N&W 6,360  
RI 5,616 Walthers
EJ&E 5,444 Walthers
UP 5,434  
ACL 5,308  
SLSF 5,231  
D&RGW 5,032 Walthers
1Does not reflect "Craftsman" level models, which are available for almost any road. 
Such models are offered by Funaro & Camerlengo, Westerfield Models, and Sunshine.

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As of December 31, 1950, the following quantities of hoppers were rostered in North America, according to the Official Railway Equipment Register (ORER). These "Top 20" owners represented 80 percent of the total.

Railroad Hopper Cars Models1
PRR 80,809 Bowser
C&O 52,145 InterMountain
Walthers
B&O 47,887 Broadway Limited Imports
InterMountain
Walthers
NYC 42,008  
N&W 41,252  
L&N 34,831 Walthers
IC 21,727 Walthers
RDG 17,115  
VGN 13,962  
SOU 13,615 Walthers
DM&IR 13,084  
MP Lines 11,652  
P&LE 10,910  
WM 9,603 Walthers
B&LE 9,378  
CB&Q 9,177  
NKP 9,033 InterMountain
GN 9,016  
Erie 8,613 InterMountain
CNJ & CRP 7,117  
1Does not reflect "Craftsman" level models, which are available for almost any road. 
Such models are offered by Funaro & Camerlengo, Westerfield Models, and Sunshine.

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As of December 31, 1950, the following quantities of flat cars were rostered in North America, according to the Official Railway Equipment Register (ORER). These "Top 16" owners represented more than 75 percent of the total.

Railroad Flat Cars Models1
SP, T&NO 8,439  
MILW 5,296  
NP 4,779 Red Caboose (via InterMountain)
SOU 4,133  
C&NW 3,560  
PRR 3,381 Bowser
ACL 2,861  
SAL 2,789  
UP 2,726 Red Caboose (via InterMountain)
Walthers
GN 2,576 Red Caboose (via InterMountain)
ATSF 2,332 InterMountain
Red Caboose (via InterMountain)
NYC 1,901 Red Caboose (via InterMountain)
D&RGW 1,705 Red Caboose (via InterMountain)
RI 1,658 Walthers
L&N 1,653  
CB&Q 1,642  
1Does not reflect "Craftsman" level models, which are available for almost any road. 
Such models are offered by Funaro & Camerlengo, Westerfield Models, and Sunshine.

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As of December 31, 1950, the following quantities of box cars were rostered in North America, according to the Official Railway Equipment Register (ORER):

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berwind 85042254Berwind Corporation (also known as Berwind-White Coal Mining Company) is a large privately held American corporation historically involved in the coal industry.

The Company was first formed as a partnership of Edward Julius Berwind, Charles Berwind, and Congressman Allison White and upon White's death became known as Berwind White Company in 1886. The company was one of the largest producers of coal at the turn of the twentieth century and created several towns in West Virginia and Pennsylvania, including Windber, Pennsylvania and Berwind, West Virginia, both of which were named after the company.