The following projects are underway in the shops of the Middle Division:
|2||X26 Box||Funaro & Camerlengo|
|5||X26C Box||Funaro & Camerlengo|
|2||F22 Flat||Funaro & Camerlengo|
|2||F23 Flat||Funaro & Camerlengo|
|2||PS6LB FALLS||Walthers kitbash|
|1||PS2LS HARBOR||Walthers detail|
Impediment to Operations | In Progress
switch machines, power frogs, control panel, car card box, filler ties, paint ground, paint track, cinders, ballast, backdrop, ad hoc scenery
power frogs, land forms, paint ground, cinders, ballast, water, fascia, car card box, backdrop, ad hoc scenery
backdrop buildings, ad hoc scenery
EAST - re-seat turnout, fix crossover throw bar, power frogs, filler ties, paint track, land forms, paint ground, cinders, ballast, water, ad hoc scenery
WEST - t/s turnout, power frogs, filler ties, paint track, land forms, paint ground, cinders, ballast, ad hoc scenery
Yeagertown (3905) and Standard Steel (future)
re-seat turnout, t/s turnout tickets, power frogs, paint ground, cinders, ballast, ad hoc scenery
Mann (3906) and KV Junction
t/s sticky turnout, control panel, trim backdrop, ad hoc scenery
Reedsville (3907) (future)
Honey Creek (3908) (future)
Shraders (3909) (future)
Naginey (3911) (future)
fix crossing hump, move backdrop, ad hoc scenery
Lewistown (LN) and Furnace Branch Siding (future)
switch machines, power frogs, control panel, car card boxes, sort rail, filler ties, paint track, cinders, ballast, ad hoc scenery
land forms, backdrop, water, replace fascia. ad hoc scenery
Lewistown Junction (XA)
scale track project
track power, switch machines, power frogs, control panel, switch machines, roundhouse track and power, filler ties, paint track, cinders, ballast, ad hoc scenery
replace Tortoise connectors, power frogs, e-certify turnout wiring and operation
Lewistown Junction (XA)
replace Tortoise connectors, power frogs, land forms, paint ground, cinders, ballast, ad hoc scenery
switch machines, power frogs, control panel, ad hoc scenery
LEWIS / Granville Bridge
re-attach switch machine, power frogs, filler ties, paint track, joint compound, backdrop, land forms, stain bridge, paint ground, cinders, ballast, water, ad hoc scenery
ballast, ad hoc scenery
replace Tortoise connectors, power frogs, re-certify turnout wiring and operation
Pennsylvania Midland Railroad
Northward Relay Yard
subroadbed, track, track power, switch machines, power frogs
subroadbed, roadbed and track, track power, switch machines, power frogs, control panel, filler ties, paint track, cinders, ballast, ad hoc scenery
Black Valley (future)
Southward Relay Yard (future)
Cumberland (staging) (future)
Juniata / Kishacoquillas Helixes Occupancy Panel
LEWIS PanelPro panel
JACKS PanelPro panel
WALL PanelPro panel
JACKS repeater panel
WALL repeater panel
Milroy Secondary magnet board
Everett PanelPro panel
Mount drawings on yard pit wall
Everett window finishing
Shenware's Waybills is used to generate multi-move waybills. Waybills contain the information that you would expect: the shipper, the destination, and the contents (which may be "Empty for Loading"). They may also contain special instructions, such as icing a reefer prior to delivery.
Inbound traffic will arrive to Lewistown Junction yard by way of Altoona, Enola, or Northumberland. Cars will carry loads except for any empty cars previously requested by the Yardmaster.
Under the supervision of the Yardmaster, cars will be classified by destination routes. The title bar of the waybill is color coded for the convenience of the Yardmaster. The color is an indicator of the destination of the shipment, making classification easier. The waybill may also include specific routing information.
|Waybill Color Codes for Destinations:|
|Route East (Enola)|
|Route East (Northumberland)|
|Route West (Altoona)|
|Newport Turn (LE)|
|Mount Union Turn (LW)|
|Lewistown Junction (XA)|
|Lewistown Secondary (LN)|
Furnace Branch Siding (LNFB)
|Milroy Secondary (39)|
Stone Turn (ST11)
Steel Turn (SS05)
A local crew will take all cars for a specific route out for delivery and follow the instructions on the Local Switching page.
Outbound traffic will be initiated by a waybill (not in a car card) arriving to the Freight Agent requesting a car "Empty for Loading".
The Freight Agent works with the Yardmaster to assign the waybill to a car (via car card). Empty cars should be chosen in this order: foreign road cars in the same general direction as the shipment's destination, then home road cars. If not utilized for outbound shipments, foreign road cars should be sent home empty after a reasonable time to minimize "per diem" fees.
If a car is not available, the waybill is held until such time as a car is available. The Yardmaster can order empty cars from Altoona or Enola to maintain a supply on hand.
Once assigned, the car will be classified accordingly and sent out on the next local and delivered for loading. It will later be picked up and forwarded to its intended destination. It will then be routed through Altoona, Enola, or Northumberand.
Less Than Carload (LCL) Traffic
An exception is made for LCL traffic, which is handled differently than car load traffic. Jeff Wilson's book, "Express, Mail & Merchandise Service" (Kalmbach), is an excellent read on the subject. Some excerpts follow. As specific prototype information is lacking for Lewistown, what follow are the LCL practices that have been established for the PRR Middle Division in HO Scale.
"Railroads handled a significant amount of packages, crates, and other shipments that didn't take up an entire boxcar. This is most commonly referred to as less-than-carload (LCL) traffic, and is also known as merchandise, package, and break-bulk freight."
"To efficiently handle merchandise traffic, railroads used a system of local depots, small-city freight houses, and huge freight terminals and transfer houses."
"Individual boxes, crates, and packages are collected at small depots, local freight stations, or large terminals. They are shipped to the closes large freight house and offloaded. There, shipments are combined for common destinations, reloaded in boxcars, and routed to large transfer stations near their destinations."
"There, the process goes in reverse, as packages are unloaded, sorted, and reloaded for their final destinations, eventually arriving at a local freight station or depot, where shipments would be loaded on trucks for final delivery."
Wilson also discusses the roles of various cars used in LCL service...
"A package or merchandise car usually refers to cars being handled on-line -- among freight houses, transfer stations, or combination depots on the host railroad."
Scheduled LCL exchange service (merchandise cars) is established between Lewistown and Altoona, Harrisburg, Northumberland, Newport, Mifflin, and Burnham. Multiple cars may be assigned to protect each schedule, as needed.
"A peddler or waycar were used to distrinute LCL to multiple stations along a route. They would be loaded at a larger freight house or transfter station. Peddler cars served stations too small to warrant receiving their own LCL car. The local may pause at a station for the peddler car to be unloaded; if the train had other work to do in town, the local would set out the peddler car at the depot until it was ready to depart and then pick it up."
The Newport Turn, Mount Union Turn, Milroy Turn, and trains S-70/S-71 each carry "peddler" LCL cars and pickup/deliver LCL traffic en route. These cars are all be routed to the downtown Lewistown freight station for shipment sorting. The process runs in reverse as well.
"A trap car was a car loaded with LCL items by a shipper on a rail siding at its own factory or warehouse. The shipper would load the entire car (or multiple cars), but the items were all individual shipments heading to multiple customers. The railroad would pick up this car and bring it to a nearby freight terminal, where it would be unloaded and the individual parcels sorted to their ultimate destinations."
Dedicated LCL cars (trap cars) are provided to Standard Steel Co. (Burnham). These cars are all be routed to the downtown Lewistown freight station for shipment sorting. The process runs in reverse as well.
LCL waybills look much like regular waybills. However, they only have one cycle, from shipper to receiver. The header is color coded like regular waybills, but reads "LCL WAYBILL". LCL waybills are also a half inch shorter than regular waybills.
Below is shown the box car assigned to Burnham for regular Merchandise LCL service. At right are three waybills for shipments destined for offline customers in Burnham. When this car is loaded at the downtown Lewistown freight station, the LCL Waybills are placed into the car card for the Merchandise car.
When a location has an assigned Merchandise car, all of its LCL waybills are inserted into the Merchandise car's car card. The approprite local will deliver the car to the destination (Burnham in this case). Between sessions the LCL waybills will be removed and outbound LCL waybills inserted. The car card will then be moved to the Outbound pocket for pickup and the return trip. The process repeats.
For locations that do not have a dedicated Merchandise LCL car (most), outbound LCL waybills will be placed in the Outbound bin. When a local comes by with a Peddler LCL car, it will pick up the outbound LCL waybills and place them in the car's car card. The local may also be dropping off inbound LCL traffic and would put the inbound LCL waybills into the Inbound bin. The Peddler LCL car routes through the downtown Lewistown freight station for sorting, with the various shipments being moved to cars appropriate for each shipment's routing.
Shenware's MiTrains is used to manage the fleet and print car cards. All locomotives and rolling stock are issued a car card prior to placement into service on the railroad.
For rolling stock, the car card bears the AAR type, the reporting marks (and verbose name of the railroad), the road number, the home road's class (if different than the AAR type), and the color (optional).
When the car card lacks a waybill, it is empty. Foreign road car cards will have instructions for disposition of the empty car -- East to Enola, West to Altoona, or East or West:
Home road cars, unless assigned to a specific service, do not include Empty Car instructions. Local yardmasters may hold the empties for future customer fulfillment and assign as needed, when needed. Yardmasters must maintain an inventory of empty cars of various types, ordering empties from Enola or Altoona when needed.
For locomotives, the car card is similar except that the AAR type describes the model of locomotive:
Initially, all car cards receive the addition of a "Prep Card" which tracks various preparatory tasks the locomotive or rolling stock requires. Once complete, the Prep Card is removed.
DCC Function Cards
A DCC Function card is included in the Locomotive Card of the lead locomotive in a consist. The card documents the DCC address of the consist as well as the primary functions.
When a locomotive or rolling stock develops a mechanical issue or a breakage, please remove it from the railroad and complete a Bad Order form. On the form, include the nature of the problem and the location from where the locomotive or rolling stock was last assigned.
At each local switching location there is a fascia control panel with a diagram of the local trackage. Industries are labeled alongside their corresponding sidings.
The current route of switch is indicated by an LED on the closed route of the switch on the diagram. "Touch" the LED and the switch will throw and the LED will change color. A green indicates the switch is normal; red indicates thrown. (Unfortunately, the LED colors do not photograph well.)
Locations with only a switch or two may have recessed "cup" toggle LED's in lieu of a control panel:
Crews shall always return switches to their normal positions prior to leaving the area.
At each local switching location there is a sort rail upon which crews may sort car cards/waybills and plan their switching moves.
Car Card Boxes
At each local switching location there is a car card box with three slots -- labeled Inbound, Load/Unload, and Outbound. A PRR Keystone emblem contains the designation of the switching location from the CT1000: List of Reportable Locations.
Switch crews shall place into the Inbound slot the cards for cars that they have delivered to the destination customer indicated on the waybill.
Cars for delivery may include a dedicated less-than-carload car for delivery to a local freight station or public delivery track -- treat it as above. If there is not a dedicated LCL car for the location and the train is carrying a "roaming" LCL car, check its LCL waybills for any deliveries for the location. If there are deliveries, there will be an unloading time indicated on the waybill; that dwell time should be simulated. The LCL waybill should be removed from the car card and be placed in the Inbound box; the car card and other LCL waybills stay with the train.
Between shifts, the Freight Agent will move car cards from the Inbound slot to the Load/Unload slot where they will remain while the car is loaded/unloaded. The Freight Agent will also move car cards from the Load/Unload slot to the Outbound slot once they are fully loaded/unloaded and are ready for pickup.
Switch crews shall pickup cars whose cards are in the Outbound slot and shall add the cards to their train packet.
Cars for pickup may include a dedicated less-than-carload car from a freight station -- treat it as above. If there is not a dedicated LCL car for the location and the train is carrying a "roaming" LCL car, check for LCL waybills in the Outbound box. If there are outbounds, there will be a loading time indicated on the waybill; that dwell time should be simulated. The LCL waybill should be added to the car card with other LCL waybills and stay with the train.
If the number of pickups exceeds the limit for the train, the priority of pickup shall be loaded cars (perishables first), foreign road empty cars, then home road empty cars.
Velcro throttle holders are located at many places on the fascia, typically with throttle jacks:
Please do not place drinks on the surface of the model railroad. Fold up holders are available on the fascia: