POTUS ON PENNSY -- NEW FOR 2019!

An exploration of the glory days of transporting the POTUS (President of the United States) by rail. Discussion includes the Ferdinand Magellan, an armored rail car modified just for the task. A deep dive will focus on one specific trip over the Pennsylvania and the Bellefonte Central railroads.

Tentatively scheduled for the PRRT&HS Northern Central Chapter meeting in September 2019, RPM EAST in March 2020, and the PRRT&HS Annual Meeting in May 2020.

THE PENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD'S YORK HAVEN LINE

A look at the pair of dual track main lines that ran from Wago Junction, Pa., to BANKS tower at Marysville, Pa,

Presented at the PRRT&HS Northern Central Chapter meeting in April 2012 and the PRRT&HS Annual Meeting in May 2012.

In The Works...

THE PENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD'S MAIN LINE AT LEWISTOWN AND THE LEWISTOWN SECONDARY

A presentation of the history and infrastructure of the Pennsylvania Railroad's Middle Division at Lewistown, Pa., its yard there, and the Lewistown Secondary heading east from there. Discussion will include the speaker's modeling based on available information on the prototype.

THE PENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD'S MILROY SECONDARY

A presentation of the history and infrastructure of the Pennsylvania Railroad's Milroy Secondary out of Lewistown, Pa.. Discussion will include the speaker's modeling based on available information on the prototype.

265
McVeytown, Pa.

Although the railroad referred to this location as McVeytown, McVeytown was technically on the opposite side of the Juniata River and was originally founded as ______. The village on the railroad side of the river was Manayunk. The Pennsylvania Railroad reached McVeytown in 1849. Public passenger train service to and from McVeytown commenced on Christmas Eve, December 24, 1849.

From volume eight, number three, of The Keystone:

Q32: What is the story on the interlocking and crossovers that were to be installed near McVeytown, Pa. to break up the 24-mile long block between "Lewis" and "Jacks" Towers on the Middle Division?
A32: The project was authorized in September 1945- Four crossovers were installed between tracks 1 and 2 and tracks 3 and 4 during 1946. The interlocking was to be remotely controlled from a planned new fireproof tower at "Jacks". For some reason the project was abandonned and the new switches were apparently never put into operation. Boards were installed to hold the switches in place. After a year or two the switches were removed. "Jacks" Tower was never changed.

Station

There were separate freight and passenger structures on the north side of the main tracks at McVeytown. In the earlier years, a watch tower protected the road crossing. Here are two views of the passenger station:

 

 

The freight station was built in 1888.

H. O. Andrews No. 2

Steve Cutshall indicates that Andrews was a feed/grain operation, also on the north side of the main tracks. It was listed as J. T. Rodgers in 1923 CT1000. It was listed as W. M. Atkinson No. 1 and No. 2 in the 1900 CT1000.

Team Track

Steve Cutshall indicates that was a team track on the south side of the main tracks. It is shown on the 1955 signal chart, but there is no entry in the CT1000's.

263

Mifflin Sand Company

The Mifflin Sand Company was located on the north side of the main tracks. It was listed as Mifflin Sand Company in the 1923 CT1000. It was listed as McVeytown (Quarry) in the 1900 CT1000 as location 264.

 work train

Impediment to Operations | In Progress

Milroy Secondary

Lewistown (LN)

3 switch machines, control panel, car card box, filler ties, paint track, paint ground, cinders, ballast, backdrop, ad hoc scenery

Lewistown (3902)

land forms, filler ties, paint track, paint ground, cinders, ballast, water, fascia, car card box, backdrop, ad hoc scenery

Menzies (3903)

ad hoc scenery

Burnham (3904)

filler ties, paint track, land forms, paint ground, cinders, ballast, water, ad hoc scenery

Yeagertown (3905) and Standard Steel (future)

paint ground, cinders, ballast, ad hoc scenery

Mann (3906) and KV Junction

control panel, ad hoc scenery

Reedsville (3907) (future)

Honey Creek (3908) (future)

Shraders (3909) (future)

Naginey (3911) (future)

Milroy (3912)

filler ties, paint track, paint ground, move backdrop, ad hoc scenery

Lewistown Secondary

Lewistown (LN) and Furnace Branch Siding (future)

spike turnouts, switch machines, control panel, car card boxes, sort rail, filler ties, paint track, paint ground, cinders, ballast, ad hoc scenery

Juniata Bridge

 land forms, backdrop, water, replace fascia, ad hoc scenery

Lewistown Junction (XA)

t/s 1 short, control panel, scale track, QC operation,  filler ties, paint track, land forms, paint ground, cinders, ballast, roundhouse track and power, ad hoc scenery

Main Line

WALL

QC operation

Lewistown Junction (XA)

QC operationland forms, paint ground, cinders, ballast, ad hoc scenery

Roundhouse Road

control panel, QC operation, ad hoc scenery

LEWIS / Granville Bridge

re-attach switch machine, QC operation, filler ties, paint track, joint compound, backdrop, land forms, stain bridge, paint ground, cinders, ballast, water, ad hoc scenery

Ryde

ballast, ad hoc scenery

JACKS

QC operation

Pennsylvania Midland Railroad

Northward Relay Yard

subroadbed, track, track power, switch machines

Everett

subroadbed, roadbed and track, track power, switch machines, control panel, filler ties, paint track, cinders, ballast, ad hoc scenery

Black Valley (future)

Southward Relay Yard (future)

Flintstone (future)

Cumberland (staging) (future)

Supporting Infrastructure

Juniata / Kishacoquillas Helixes Occupancy Panel

LEWIS PanelPro panel

JACKS PanelPro panel

WALL PanelPro panel

JACKS repeater panel

WALL repeater panel

Milroy Secondary magnet board

Everett PanelPro panel

Phone system

Everett window finishing

Mr. Chairman, Board Members, Employes and Stockholders,

The Office of the Chief Engineer is pleased to share with you this report of construction progress on the Pennsylvania Railroad, Middle Division, as of the end of the Second Quarter, 2019:

Middle Division Construction Progress
Location Surveying
(benchwork)
Track Final Grading
(scenery)
Operational
(est., act.)
Middle Division Main Line
 Harrisburg/Enola (staging) 100%  100%  N/A Q2 2014
 WALL Interlocking 100%  100%  N/A Q2 2014
 Lewistown Junction (XA ) 100%  100%  40% Q1 2014
 LEWIS Interlocking 100%  100%  10% Q1 2015
 Ryde (268-270) 100%  100%  25% Q4 2014
 Vineyard (272) (stairway underpass) 100%  100%  N/A Q2 2014
 JACKS Interlocking 100%  100%  N/A Q3 2014
 Altoona (staging) 100%  100%  N/A Q3 2014
Lewistown Secondary
 Lewistown Junction (XA) 100%  80%  0% Q1 2017 
 Juniata Helix 100%  100%  N/A Q3 2013
 Lewistown (LN) 100%  80%  0% Q1 2017
 Furnace Branch Siding (LN) 0%  0%  0% Future Expansion
   Milroy Secondary
 Lewistown (LN) 100%  100%  50% Q3 2016
 Kishacoquillas Helix 100%  100%  N/A Q3 2015
 Lewistown (3902) 100%  100%  25% Q2 2016
 Menzies (3903, stairway overpass) 100%  100%  50% Q2 2015
 Burnham (3904, west half) 100%  85%  0% Q2 2015
 Burnham (3904, east half) 100%  100%  10% Q4 2013
      Standard Steel Company 100%  10% 0% TBD
 Yeagertown (3905) 100%  85% 10% Q1 2013
 Mann's Narrows (3906) 100%  100%  100% Q3 2013
 KV Junction (3907) 50% 50%  10% Q3 2013
 Reedsville (3907) 0%  0%  0% Future Expansion
 Honey Creek (3908) 0%  0%  0% Future Expansion
 Naginey (3911) 0%  0%  0% Future Expansion
 Milroy (3912) 100%  100%  10% Q1 2016
Susquehanna Division: Selinsgrove Secondary
 Selinsgrove (staging) 100%  0%  N/A TBD
Pennsylvania Midland

 Northward Relay Tracks (staging)

0% 0% N/A Future Expansion
 Everett 50% 0% 0% Future Expansion
‚Äč Black Valley 50% 20% 0% Future Expansion
 Southward Relay Tracks (staging) 0% 0% N/A Future Expansion
 Flintstone 0% 0% 0% Future Expansion

Shenware's MiTrains is used to manage the fleet and print car cards. All locomotives and rolling stock are issued a car card prior to placement into service on the railroad.

For rolling stock, the car card bears the AAR type, the reporting marks (and verbose name of the railroad), the road number, the home road's class (if different than the AAR type), and the color (optional).

When the car card lacks a waybill, it is empty. Foreign road car cards will have instructions for disposition of the empty car -- East to Enola, West to Altoona, or East or West:

car cards

Home road cars, unless assigned to a specific service, do not include Empty Car instructions. Local yardmasters may hold the empties for future customer fulfillment and assign as needed, when needed. Yardmasters must maintain an inventory of empty cars of various types, ordering empties from Enola or Altoona when needed.

For locomotives, the car card is similar except that the AAR type describes the model of locomotive:

loco cards

Prep Cards

Initially, all car cards receive the addition of a "Prep Card" which tracks various preparatory tasks the locomotive or rolling stock requires. Once complete, the Prep Card is removed.

prep cards

DCC Function Cards

A DCC Function card is included in the Locomotive Card of the lead locomotive in a consist. The card documents the DCC address of the consist as well as the primary functions.

dcc cards

Bad Orders

When a locomotive or rolling stock develops a mechanical issue or a breakage, please remove it from the railroad and complete a Bad Order form. On the form, include the nature of the problem and the location from where the locomotive or rolling stock was last assigned.

bad order

car shop

The following projects are underway in the shops of the Middle Division:

6 N8 Cabin Car Bowser
1 Pullman HW 12-1 Sleeper Walthers (letter, detail)
3 Pullman 6-3 Sleeper Walthers (letter, detail)
1 D78D Diner Bachmann (kitbash)
1 HW 3-1-Sol CANYON Solarium Sleeper Walthers (letter, detail)
2 X26 Box Car Funaro & Camerlengo
5 X26C Box Car Funaro & Camerlengo
2 F22 Flat Car Funaro & Camerlengo
2 F23 Flat Car Funaro & Camerlengo
13 B60B Baggage Car Walthers (letter)
2 PS6LB FALLS Lounge Sleeper Walthers (kitbash)
1 PS2LS HARBOR Lounge Sleeper Walthers (detail)
1 HW 8-1-2 CENTFAUN Sleeper Branchline

 

The following projects are pending scheduling in the shops of the Middle Division:

5 FM Flat Car Funaro & Camerlengo
1 F28 Flat Car Funaro & Camerlengo
1 F29 Flat Car Funaro & Camerlengo
1 F33 Flat Car Funaro & Camerlengo
1 F34 Flat Car Funaro & Camerlengo
14 G22 Gondola Westerfield
1 G22A Gondola Westerfield
1 G22B Gondola Westerfield
8 G28 Gondola Funaro & Camerlengo
3 G29 Gondola Funaro & Camerlengo
2 GLCA Hopper Westerfield
11 GLCA Hopper Funaro & Camerlengo
1 GLE Hopper Funaro & Camerlengo
4 GR Gondola Funaro & Camerlengo
7 GRA Gondola Westerfield
4 GRA Gondola MoW Westerfield
8 GPA Hopper MoW Funaro & Camerlengo
10 H25 Hopper Funaro & Camerlengo
2 H30A Hopper Funaro & Camerlengo
3 H32 Hopper Funaro & Camerlengo
1 H33 Hopper Funaro & Camerlengo
1 ND Cabin Car Funaro & Camerlengo
1 NDA Cabin Car Funaro & Camerlengo
1 NX23 Riding Car MoW Westerfield
6 N5 / N5B Cabin Car Bowser
3 N5C Cabin Car Bowser
1 TM8 Tank Car Funaro & Camerlengo
9 XL "Camp" Box Car MoW Westerfield
1 X23 Box Car Westerfield
2 X23 Box Car MoW Westerfield
1 X25A Box Car Westerfield
5 X28A Box Car Funaro & Camerlengo
6 X29B Box Car Funaro & Camerlengo
4 X29D Box Car WrightTRAK
1 X37 Box Car Funaro & Camerlengo
1 X37A Box Car Funaro & Camerlengo
6 X37B Box Car Funaro & Camerlengo
2 X38 Box Car Funaro & Camerlengo
1 W150B Derrick Tichy
     
2 B60 Baggage Car Bethlehem Car Works
1 B60A Baggage Car Bethlehem Car Works
1 B70 Scenery Car Bethlehem Car Works
2 B74 Horse Car Bethlehem Car Works
1 BM70K Baggage Mail Car Bethlehem Car Works
4 BM70M Baggage Mail Car Walthers (letter)
1 D78ED Coffee Shop Tavern Bachmann (kitbash)
1 D78F Diner Bachmann (kitbash)
2 D85C Diner Walthers (letter)
2 D85D Kitchen Dorm Walthers (letter)
1 M70B Mail Car Bethlehem Car Works
2 PB70 Combine Bachmann (kitbash)
1 POS21 Observation Sleeper Walthers (letter, detail)
1 POS211 Observation Sleeper Walthers (kitbash)
2 PS106 EAGLE Sleeper Hallmark (letter, detail)
4 PS106A RAPIDS Sleeper Walthers (letter, detail)
5 PS124 CREEK Sleeper Walthers (letter, detail)
1 PS125A BROOK Sleeper Rivarossi (letter, detail)
1 PS13L COLONIAL Lounge Sleeper Walthers (kitbash)
1 PS21A INN Sleeper Walthers (kitbash)
9 PS21B INN Sleeper Walthers (letter, detail)
5 PS442 IMPERIAL Sleeper Walthers (letter, detail)
4 R50B Express Reefer Walthers (letter, detail)
2 HW 12-1 Sleeper Walthers (letter, detail)
1 HW 28-1 Parlor Walthers (letter, detail)
1 HW 6-6- POPLAR Sleeper Bethlehem Car Works
1 HW 8-1-3 TOWER Sleeper Bethlehem Car Works
     
1 ATSF 4-4-2 Sleeper Walthers (letter, detail)
1 JESX Baggage Car Walthers
2 JESX Coach Walthers
4 JESX Sleeper Walthers
1 MP 10-6 EAGLE Sleeper Hallmark (letter, detail)
1 N&W 10-6 COUNTY Sleeper Walthers (letter, detail)
1 N&W B60B Baggage Car Walthers
1 NYC 10-6 RIVER Sleeper Walthers (letter, detail)
1 SP 10-6 Sleeper Walthers (letter, detail)
1 T&P 14-4 Sleeper Hallmark (letter, detail)
1 UP 10-6 PACIFIC Sleeper Walthers (letter, detail)
     
8 BRCX BW-1 Hopper Funaro & Camerlengo
2 BRCX GL Hopper Funaro & Camerlengo
1 BRCX GLCA Hopper Westerfield
3 H&BTM HT Hopper Westerfield
4 H&BTM G22 Gondola Westerfield
1 H&BTM NDA Caboose Funaro & Camerlengo
1 H&BTM 2-8-0 Consolidation Broadway Limited (letter)
2 JESX Box Car Walthers
6 JESX Flat Car Walthers
1 JLSX Coal Tar Tank Car Funaro & Camerlengo
1 KTX Publicker Tank Car Tichy
4 PM Wide Vision Caboose Atlas
1 PM Transfer Caboose BlueFord Shops
1 PM Alco FA-2 Life Like Proto 2000
1 PM Alco FB-2 Life Like Proto 2000
3 PM Alco S-2 Atlas
1 RDG XM Box Car Funaro & Camerlengo
1 TVCX Flat Car Funaro & Camerlengo
2 WPRR EMD F3A Stewart Hobbies

Shenware's Waybills is used to generate multi-move waybills. Waybills contain the information that you would expect: the shipper, the destination, and the contents (which may be "Empty for Loading"). They may also contain special instructions, such as icing a reefer prior to delivery.

Inbound Traffic

Inbound traffic will arrive to Lewistown Junction yard by way of Altoona, Enola, or Northumberland. Cars will carry loads except for any empty cars previously requested by the Yardmaster.

Under the supervision of the Yardmaster, cars will be classified by destination routes. The title bar of the waybill is color coded for the convenience of the Yardmaster. The color is an indicator of the destination of the shipment, making classification easier. The waybill may also include specific routing information.

Waybill Color Codes for Destinations:
Route East (Enola)
Route East (Northumberland)
Route West (Altoona)
 Newport Turn (LE)  
 Mount Union Turn (LW) 
  Lewistown Junction (XA) 
 Lewistown Secondary (LN) 
Lewistown Secondary
Furnace Branch Siding (LNFB)
 Milroy Secondary (39) 
Milroy Secondary
Stone Turn (ST11)
Milroy Secondary
Steel Turn (SS05)


A local crew will take all cars for a specific route out for delivery and follow the instructions on the Local Switching page.

Outbound Traffic

Outbound traffic will be initiated by a waybill (not in a car card) arriving to the Freight Agent requesting a car "Empty for Loading".

IMG 2068

The Freight Agent works with the Yardmaster to assign the waybill to a car (via car card). Empty cars should be chosen in this order: foreign road cars in the same general direction as the shipment's destination, then home road cars. If not utilized for outbound shipments, foreign road cars should be sent home empty after a reasonable time to minimize "per diem" fees.

If a car is not available, the waybill is held until such time as a car is available. The Yardmaster can order empty cars from Altoona or Enola to maintain a supply on hand.

Once assigned, the car will be classified accordingly and sent out on the next local and delivered for loading. It will later be picked up and forwarded to its intended destination. It will then be routed through Altoona, Enola, or Northumberand.

Less Than Carload (LCL) Traffic

An exception is made for LCL traffic, which is handled differently than car load traffic. Jeff Wilson's book, "Express, Mail & Merchandise Service" (Kalmbach), is an excellent read on the subject. Some excerpts follow. As specific prototype information is lacking for Lewistown, what follow are the LCL practices that have been established for the PRR Middle Division in HO Scale.

"Railroads handled a significant amount of packages, crates, and other shipments that didn't take up an entire boxcar. This is most commonly referred to as less-than-carload (LCL) traffic, and is also known as merchandise, package, and break-bulk freight."

"To efficiently handle merchandise traffic, railroads used a system of local depots, small-city freight houses, and huge freight terminals and transfer houses."

"Individual boxes, crates, and packages are collected at small depots, local freight stations, or large terminals. They are shipped to the closes large freight house and offloaded. There, shipments are combined for common destinations, reloaded in boxcars, and routed to large transfer stations near their destinations."

"There, the process goes in reverse, as packages are unloaded, sorted, and reloaded for their final destinations, eventually arriving at a local freight station or depot, where shipments would be loaded on trucks for final delivery."

Wilson also discusses the roles of various cars used in LCL service...

"A package or merchandise car usually refers to cars being handled on-line -- among freight houses, transfer stations, or combination depots on the host railroad."

Scheduled LCL exchange service (merchandise cars) is established between Lewistown and Altoona, Harrisburg, Northumberland, Newport, Mifflin, and Burnham. Multiple cars may be assigned to protect each schedule, as needed.

IMG 2069

"A peddler or waycar were used to distrinute LCL to multiple stations along a route. They would be loaded at a larger freight house or transfter station. Peddler cars served stations too small to warrant receiving their own LCL car. The local may pause at a station for the peddler car to be unloaded; if the train had other work to do in town, the local would set out the peddler car at the depot until it was ready to depart and then pick it up."

The Newport Turn, Mount Union Turn, Milroy Turn, and trains S-70/S-71 each carry "peddler" LCL cars and pickup/deliver LCL traffic en route. These cars are all be routed to the downtown Lewistown freight station for shipment sorting. The process runs in reverse as well.

IMG 2070

 "A trap car was a car loaded with LCL items by a shipper on a rail siding at its own factory or warehouse. The shipper would load the entire car (or multiple cars), but the items were all individual shipments heading to multiple customers. The railroad would pick up this car and bring it to a nearby freight terminal, where it would be unloaded and the individual parcels sorted to their ultimate destinations."

Dedicated LCL cars (trap cars) are provided to Standard Steel Co. (Burnham). These cars are all be routed to the downtown Lewistown freight station for shipment sorting. The process runs in reverse as well.

IMG 2071

LCL Waybills

LCL waybills look much like regular waybills. However, they only have one cycle, from shipper to receiver. The header is color coded like regular waybills, but reads "LCL WAYBILL". LCL waybills are also a half inch shorter than regular waybills.

Below is shown the box car assigned to Burnham for regular Merchandise LCL service. At right are three waybills for shipments destined for offline customers in Burnham. When this car is loaded at the downtown Lewistown freight station, the LCL Waybills are placed into the car card for the Merchandise car.

IMG 2072

When a location has an assigned Merchandise car, all of its LCL waybills are inserted into the Merchandise car's car card. The approprite local will deliver the car to the destination (Burnham in this case). Between sessions the LCL waybills will be removed and outbound LCL waybills inserted. The car card will then be moved to the Outbound pocket for pickup and the return trip. The process repeats.

IMG 2073

For locations that do not have a dedicated Merchandise LCL car (most), outbound LCL waybills will be placed in the Outbound bin. When a local comes by with a Peddler LCL car, it will pick up the outbound LCL waybills and place them in the car's car card. The local may also be dropping off inbound LCL traffic and would put the inbound LCL waybills into the Inbound bin. The Peddler LCL car routes through the downtown Lewistown freight station for sorting, with the various shipments being moved to cars appropriate for each shipment's routing.

IMG 2074