An exploration of the glory days of transporting the POTUS (President of the United States) by rail. Discussion includes the Ferdinand Magellan, an armored rail car modified just for the task. A deep dive will focus on one specific trip over the Pennsylvania and the Bellefonte Central railroads.
Tentatively scheduled for the PRRT&HS Northern Central Chapter meeting in September 2019, NMRA MER Regional Convention in October 2019, RPM EAST in March 2020, and the PRRT&HS Annual Meeting in May 2020.
THE PENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD'S YORK HAVEN LINE
A look at the pair of dual track main lines that ran from Wago Junction, Pa., to BANKS tower at Marysville, Pa,
Presented at the PRRT&HS Northern Central Chapter meeting in April 2012 and the PRRT&HS Annual Meeting in May 2012.
In The Works...
THE PENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD'S MAIN LINE AT LEWISTOWN AND THE LEWISTOWN SECONDARY
A presentation of the history and infrastructure of the Pennsylvania Railroad's Middle Division at Lewistown, Pa., its yard there, and the Lewistown Secondary heading east from there. Discussion will include the speaker's modeling based on available information on the prototype.
THE PENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD'S MILROY SECONDARY
A presentation of the history and infrastructure of the Pennsylvania Railroad's Milroy Secondary out of Lewistown, Pa.. Discussion will include the speaker's modeling based on available information on the prototype.
Although the railroad referred to this location as McVeytown, McVeytown was technically on the opposite side of the Juniata River and was originally founded as ______. The village on the railroad side of the river was Manayunk. The Pennsylvania Railroad reached McVeytown in 1849. Public passenger train service to and from McVeytown commenced on Christmas Eve, December 24, 1849.
From volume eight, number three, of The Keystone:
Q32: What is the story on the interlocking and crossovers that were to be installed near McVeytown, Pa. to break up the 24-mile long block between "Lewis" and "Jacks" Towers on the Middle Division?
A32: The project was authorized in September 1945- Four crossovers were installed between tracks 1 and 2 and tracks 3 and 4 during 1946. The interlocking was to be remotely controlled from a planned new fireproof tower at "Jacks". For some reason the project was abandonned and the new switches were apparently never put into operation. Boards were installed to hold the switches in place. After a year or two the switches were removed. "Jacks" Tower was never changed.
There were separate freight and passenger structures on the north side of the main tracks at McVeytown. In the earlier years, a watch tower protected the road crossing. Here are two views of the passenger station:
The freight station was built in 1888.
H. O. Andrews No. 2
Steve Cutshall indicates that Andrews was a feed/grain operation, also on the north side of the main tracks. It was listed as J. T. Rodgers in 1923 CT1000. It was listed as W. M. Atkinson No. 1 and No. 2 in the 1900 CT1000.
Steve Cutshall indicates that was a team track on the south side of the main tracks. It is shown on the 1955 signal chart, but there is no entry in the CT1000's.
The following databases have been restored from the former Keystone Crossings web site:
Mifflin Sand Company
The Mifflin Sand Company was located on the north side of the main tracks. It was listed as Mifflin Sand Company in the 1923 CT1000. It was listed as McVeytown (Quarry) in the 1900 CT1000 as location 264.
Impediment to Operations | In Progress
3 switch machines, control panel, car card box, filler ties, paint track, paint ground, cinders, ballast, backdrop, ad hoc scenery
land forms, filler ties, paint track, paint ground, cinders, ballast, water, fascia, car card box, backdrop, ad hoc scenery
ad hoc scenery
filler ties, paint track, land forms, paint ground, cinders, ballast, water, ad hoc scenery
Yeagertown (3905) and Standard Steel (future)
paint ground, cinders, ballast, ad hoc scenery
Mann (3906) and KV Junction
control panel, ad hoc scenery
Reedsville (3907) (future)
Honey Creek (3908) (future)
Shraders (3909) (future)
Naginey (3911) (future)
filler ties, paint track, paint ground, move backdrop, ad hoc scenery
Lewistown (LN) and Furnace Branch Siding (future)
spike turnouts, switch machines, control panel, car card boxes, sort rail, filler ties, paint track, paint ground, cinders, ballast, ad hoc scenery
land forms, backdrop, water, replace fascia, ad hoc scenery
Lewistown Junction (XA)
t/s track power, 5 switch machines, t/s 2 switch machines, control panel, scale track, QC operation, filler ties, paint track, land forms, paint ground, cinders, ballast, roundhouse track and power, ad hoc scenery
replace Tortoise connectors, QC operation
Lewistown Junction (XA)
replace Tortoise connectors, QC operation, land forms, paint ground, cinders, ballast, ad hoc scenery
t/s 2 switch machines, complete control panel, QC operation, ad hoc scenery
LEWIS / Granville Bridge
re-attach switch machine, QC operation, filler ties, paint track, joint compound, backdrop, land forms, stain bridge, paint ground, cinders, ballast, water, ad hoc scenery
ballast, ad hoc scenery
replace Tortoise connectors, QC operation
Pennsylvania Midland Railroad
Northward Relay Yard
subroadbed, track, track power, switch machines
subroadbed, roadbed and track, track power, switch machines, control panel, filler ties, paint track, cinders, ballast, ad hoc scenery
Black Valley (future)
Southward Relay Yard (future)
Cumberland (staging) (future)
Juniata / Kishacoquillas Helixes Occupancy Panel
LEWIS PanelPro panel
JACKS PanelPro panel
WALL PanelPro panel
JACKS repeater panel
WALL repeater panel
Milroy Secondary magnet board
Everett PanelPro panel
Mount drawings on yard pit wall
Everett window finishing
Mr. Chairman, Board Members, Employes and Stockholders,
The Office of the Chief Engineer is pleased to share with you this report of construction progress on the Pennsylvania Railroad, Middle Division, as of the end of the Fourth Quarter, 2018:
|Middle Division Construction Progress|
|Middle Division Main Line|
|Harrisburg/Enola (staging)||100%||100%||N/A||Q2 2014|
|WALL Interlocking||100%||100%||N/A||Q2 2014|
|Lewistown Junction (XA )||100%||100%||40%||Q1 2014|
|LEWIS Interlocking||100%||100%||10%||Q1 2015|
|Ryde (268-270)||100%||100%||25%||Q4 2014|
|Vineyard (272) (stairway underpass)||100%||100%||N/A||Q2 2014|
|JACKS Interlocking||100%||100%||N/A||Q3 2014|
|Altoona (staging)||100%||100%||N/A||Q3 2014|
|Lewistown Junction (XA)||100%||80%||0%||Q1 2017|
|Juniata Helix||100%||100%||N/A||Q3 2013|
|Lewistown (LN)||100%||80%||0%||Q1 2017|
|Furnace Branch Siding (LN)||0%||0%||0%||Future Expansion|
|Lewistown (LN)||100%||100%||50%||Q3 2016|
|Kishacoquillas Helix||100%||100%||N/A||Q3 2015|
|Lewistown (3902)||100%||100%||25%||Q2 2016|
|Menzies (3903, stairway overpass)||100%||100%||50%||Q2 2015|
|Burnham (3904, west half)||100%||85%||0%||Q2 2015|
|Burnham (3904, east half)||100%||100%||10%||Q4 2013|
|Standard Steel Company||100%||10%||0%||TBD|
|Yeagertown (3905)||100%||85%||10%||Q1 2013|
|Mann's Narrows (3906)||100%||100%||100%||Q3 2013|
|KV Junction (3907)||50%||50%||10%||Q3 2013|
|Reedsville (3907)||0%||0%||0%||Future Expansion|
|Honey Creek (3908)||0%||0%||0%||Future Expansion|
|Naginey (3911)||0%||0%||0%||Future Expansion|
|Milroy (3912)||100%||100%||10%||Q1 2016|
|Susquehanna Division: Selinsgrove Secondary|
Northward Relay Tracks (staging)
| Black Valley||50%||20%||0%||Future Expansion|
|Southward Relay Tracks (staging)||0%||0%||N/A||Future Expansion|
Shenware's MiTrains is used to manage the fleet and print car cards. All locomotives and rolling stock are issued a car card prior to placement into service on the railroad.
For rolling stock, the car card bears the AAR type, the reporting marks (and verbose name of the railroad), the road number, the home road's class (if different than the AAR type), and the color (optional).
When the car card lacks a waybill, it is empty. Foreign road car cards will have instructions for disposition of the empty car -- East to Enola, West to Altoona, or East or West:
Home road cars, unless assigned to a specific service, do not include Empty Car instructions. Local yardmasters may hold the empties for future customer fulfillment and assign as needed, when needed. Yardmasters must maintain an inventory of empty cars of various types, ordering empties from Enola or Altoona when needed.
For locomotives, the car card is similar except that the AAR type describes the model of locomotive:
Initially, all car cards receive the addition of a "Prep Card" which tracks various preparatory tasks the locomotive or rolling stock requires. Once complete, the Prep Card is removed.
DCC Function Cards
A DCC Function card is included in the Locomotive Card of the lead locomotive in a consist. The card documents the DCC address of the consist as well as the primary functions.
When a locomotive or rolling stock develops a mechanical issue or a breakage, please remove it from the railroad and complete a Bad Order form. On the form, include the nature of the problem and the location from where the locomotive or rolling stock was last assigned.
The following projects are underway in the shops of the Middle Division:
|6||N8 Cabin Car||Bowser|
|2||X26 Box Car||Funaro & Camerlengo|
|5||X26C Box Car||Funaro & Camerlengo|
|2||F22 Flat Car||Funaro & Camerlengo|
|2||F23 Flat Car||Funaro & Camerlengo|
|13||B60B Baggage Car||Walthers (letter)|
|2||PS6LB FALLS Lounge Sleeper||Walthers (kitbash)|
|1||PS2LS HARBOR Lounge Sleeper||Walthers (detail)|
|1||HW 8-1-2 CENTFAUN Sleeper||Branchline|
The following projects are pending scheduling in the shops of the Middle Division:
|5||FM Flat Car||Funaro & Camerlengo|
|1||F28 Flat Car||Funaro & Camerlengo|
|1||F29 Flat Car||Funaro & Camerlengo|
|1||F33 Flat Car||Funaro & Camerlengo|
|1||F34 Flat Car||Funaro & Camerlengo|
|8||G28 Gondola||Funaro & Camerlengo|
|3||G29 Gondola||Funaro & Camerlengo|
|11||GLCA Hopper||Funaro & Camerlengo|
|1||GLE Hopper||Funaro & Camerlengo|
|4||GR Gondola||Funaro & Camerlengo|
|4||GRA Gondola MoW||Westerfield|
|8||GPA Hopper MoW||Funaro & Camerlengo|
|10||H25 Hopper||Funaro & Camerlengo|
|2||H30A Hopper||Funaro & Camerlengo|
|3||H32 Hopper||Funaro & Camerlengo|
|1||H33 Hopper||Funaro & Camerlengo|
|1||ND Cabin Car||Funaro & Camerlengo|
|1||NDA Cabin Car||Funaro & Camerlengo|
|1||NX23 Riding Car MoW||Westerfield|
|6||N5 / N5B Cabin Car||Bowser|
|3||N5C Cabin Car||Bowser|
|1||TM8 Tank Car||Funaro & Camerlengo|
|9||XL "Camp" Box Car MoW||Westerfield|
|1||X23 Box Car||Westerfield|
|2||X23 Box Car MoW||Westerfield|
|1||X25A Box Car||Westerfield|
|5||X28A Box Car||Funaro & Camerlengo|
|6||X29B Box Car||Funaro & Camerlengo|
|4||X29D Box Car||WrightTRAK|
|1||X37 Box Car||Funaro & Camerlengo|
|1||X37A Box Car||Funaro & Camerlengo|
|6||X37B Box Car||Funaro & Camerlengo|
|2||X38 Box Car||Funaro & Camerlengo|
|2||B60 Baggage Car||Bethlehem Car Works|
|1||B60A Baggage Car||Bethlehem Car Works|
|1||B70 Scenery Car||Bethlehem Car Works|
|2||B74 Horse Car||Bethlehem Car Works|
|1||BM70K Baggage Mail Car||Bethlehem Car Works|
|4||BM70M Baggage Mail Car||Walthers (letter)|
|1||D78ED Coffee Shop Tavern||Bachmann (kitbash)|
|1||D78D Diner||Bachmann (kitbash)|
|1||D78F Diner||Bachmann (kitbash)|
|2||D85C Diner||Walthers (letter)|
|2||D85D Kitchen Dorm||Walthers (letter)|
|1||M70B Mail Car||Bethlehem Car Works|
|2||PB70 Combine||Bachmann (kitbash)|
|1||POS21 Observation Sleeper||Walthers (letter, detail)|
|1||POS211 Observation Sleeper||Walthers (kitbash)|
|2||PS106 EAGLE Sleeper||Hallmark (letter, detail)|
|4||PS106A RAPIDS Sleeper||Walthers (letter, detail)|
|5||PS124 CREEK Sleeper||Walthers (letter, detail)|
|1||PS125A BROOK Sleeper||Rivarossi (letter, detail)|
|1||PS13L COLONIAL Lounge Sleeper||Walthers (kitbash)|
|1||PS21A INN Sleeper||Walthers (kitbash)|
|9||PS21B INN Sleeper||Walthers (letter, detail)|
|5||PS442 IMPERIAL Sleeper||Walthers (letter, detail)|
|4||R50B Express Reefer||Walthers (letter, detail)|
|1||HW 3-1-Sol CANYON Solarium Sleeper||Walthers (letter, detail)|
|3||HW 12-1 Sleeper||Walthers (letter, detail)|
|1||HW 28-1 Parlor||Walthers (letter, detail)|
|1||HW 6-6- POPLAR Sleeper||Bethlehem Car Works|
|1||HW 8-1-3 TOWER Sleeper||Bethlehem Car Works|
|1||ATSF 4-4-2 Sleeper||Walthers (letter, detail)|
|1||JESX Baggage Car||Walthers|
|1||MP 10-6 EAGLE Sleeper||Hallmark (letter, detail)|
|1||N&W 10-6 COUNTY Sleeper||Walthers (letter, detail)|
|1||N&W B60B Baggage Car||Walthers|
|1||NYC 10-6 RIVER Sleeper||Walthers (letter, detail)|
|3||Pullman 6-3 Sleeper||Walthers (letter, detail)|
|1||SP 10-6 Sleeper||Walthers (letter, detail)|
|1||T&P 14-4 Sleeper||Hallmark (letter, detail)|
|1||UP 10-6 PACIFIC Sleeper||Walthers (letter, detail)|
|8||BRCX BW-1 Hopper||Funaro & Camerlengo|
|2||BRCX GL Hopper||Funaro & Camerlengo|
|1||BRCX GLCA Hopper||Westerfield|
|3||H&BTM HT Hopper||Westerfield|
|4||H&BTM G22 Gondola||Westerfield|
|1||H&BTM NDA Caboose||Funaro & Camerlengo|
|1||H&BTM 2-8-0 Consolidation||Broadway Limited (letter)|
|2||JESX Box Car||Walthers|
|6||JESX Flat Car||Walthers|
|1||JLSX Coal Tar Tank Car||Funaro & Camerlengo|
|1||KTX Publicker Tank Car||Tichy|
|4||PM Wide Vision Caboose||Atlas|
|1||PM Transfer Caboose||BlueFord Shops|
|1||PM Alco FA-2||Life Like Proto 2000|
|1||PM Alco FB-2||Life Like Proto 2000|
|3||PM Alco S-2||Atlas|
|1||RDG XM Box Car||Funaro & Camerlengo|
|1||TVCX Flat Car||Funaro & Camerlengo|
|2||WPRR EMD F3A||Stewart Hobbies|
Shenware's Waybills is used to generate multi-move waybills. Waybills contain the information that you would expect: the shipper, the destination, and the contents (which may be "Empty for Loading"). They may also contain special instructions, such as icing a reefer prior to delivery.
Inbound traffic will arrive to Lewistown Junction yard by way of Altoona, Enola, or Northumberland. Cars will carry loads except for any empty cars previously requested by the Yardmaster.
Under the supervision of the Yardmaster, cars will be classified by destination routes. The title bar of the waybill is color coded for the convenience of the Yardmaster. The color is an indicator of the destination of the shipment, making classification easier. The waybill may also include specific routing information.
|Waybill Color Codes for Destinations:|
|Route East (Enola)|
|Route East (Northumberland)|
|Route West (Altoona)|
|Newport Turn (LE)|
|Mount Union Turn (LW)|
|Lewistown Junction (XA)|
|Lewistown Secondary (LN)|
Furnace Branch Siding (LNFB)
|Milroy Secondary (39)|
Stone Turn (ST11)
Steel Turn (SS05)
A local crew will take all cars for a specific route out for delivery and follow the instructions on the Local Switching page.
Outbound traffic will be initiated by a waybill (not in a car card) arriving to the Freight Agent requesting a car "Empty for Loading".
The Freight Agent works with the Yardmaster to assign the waybill to a car (via car card). Empty cars should be chosen in this order: foreign road cars in the same general direction as the shipment's destination, then home road cars. If not utilized for outbound shipments, foreign road cars should be sent home empty after a reasonable time to minimize "per diem" fees.
If a car is not available, the waybill is held until such time as a car is available. The Yardmaster can order empty cars from Altoona or Enola to maintain a supply on hand.
Once assigned, the car will be classified accordingly and sent out on the next local and delivered for loading. It will later be picked up and forwarded to its intended destination. It will then be routed through Altoona, Enola, or Northumberand.
Less Than Carload (LCL) Traffic
An exception is made for LCL traffic, which is handled differently than car load traffic. Jeff Wilson's book, "Express, Mail & Merchandise Service" (Kalmbach), is an excellent read on the subject. Some excerpts follow. As specific prototype information is lacking for Lewistown, what follow are the LCL practices that have been established for the PRR Middle Division in HO Scale.
"Railroads handled a significant amount of packages, crates, and other shipments that didn't take up an entire boxcar. This is most commonly referred to as less-than-carload (LCL) traffic, and is also known as merchandise, package, and break-bulk freight."
"To efficiently handle merchandise traffic, railroads used a system of local depots, small-city freight houses, and huge freight terminals and transfer houses."
"Individual boxes, crates, and packages are collected at small depots, local freight stations, or large terminals. They are shipped to the closes large freight house and offloaded. There, shipments are combined for common destinations, reloaded in boxcars, and routed to large transfer stations near their destinations."
"There, the process goes in reverse, as packages are unloaded, sorted, and reloaded for their final destinations, eventually arriving at a local freight station or depot, where shipments would be loaded on trucks for final delivery."
Wilson also discusses the roles of various cars used in LCL service...
"A package or merchandise car usually refers to cars being handled on-line -- among freight houses, transfer stations, or combination depots on the host railroad."
Scheduled LCL exchange service (merchandise cars) is established between Lewistown and Altoona, Harrisburg, Northumberland, Newport, Mifflin, and Burnham. Multiple cars may be assigned to protect each schedule, as needed.
"A peddler or waycar were used to distrinute LCL to multiple stations along a route. They would be loaded at a larger freight house or transfter station. Peddler cars served stations too small to warrant receiving their own LCL car. The local may pause at a station for the peddler car to be unloaded; if the train had other work to do in town, the local would set out the peddler car at the depot until it was ready to depart and then pick it up."
The Newport Turn, Mount Union Turn, Milroy Turn, and trains S-70/S-71 each carry "peddler" LCL cars and pickup/deliver LCL traffic en route. These cars are all be routed to the downtown Lewistown freight station for shipment sorting. The process runs in reverse as well.
"A trap car was a car loaded with LCL items by a shipper on a rail siding at its own factory or warehouse. The shipper would load the entire car (or multiple cars), but the items were all individual shipments heading to multiple customers. The railroad would pick up this car and bring it to a nearby freight terminal, where it would be unloaded and the individual parcels sorted to their ultimate destinations."
Dedicated LCL cars (trap cars) are provided to Standard Steel Co. (Burnham). These cars are all be routed to the downtown Lewistown freight station for shipment sorting. The process runs in reverse as well.
LCL waybills look much like regular waybills. However, they only have one cycle, from shipper to receiver. The header is color coded like regular waybills, but reads "LCL WAYBILL". LCL waybills are also a half inch shorter than regular waybills.
Below is shown the box car assigned to Burnham for regular Merchandise LCL service. At right are three waybills for shipments destined for offline customers in Burnham. When this car is loaded at the downtown Lewistown freight station, the LCL Waybills are placed into the car card for the Merchandise car.
When a location has an assigned Merchandise car, all of its LCL waybills are inserted into the Merchandise car's car card. The approprite local will deliver the car to the destination (Burnham in this case). Between sessions the LCL waybills will be removed and outbound LCL waybills inserted. The car card will then be moved to the Outbound pocket for pickup and the return trip. The process repeats.
For locations that do not have a dedicated Merchandise LCL car (most), outbound LCL waybills will be placed in the Outbound bin. When a local comes by with a Peddler LCL car, it will pick up the outbound LCL waybills and place them in the car's car card. The local may also be dropping off inbound LCL traffic and would put the inbound LCL waybills into the Inbound bin. The Peddler LCL car routes through the downtown Lewistown freight station for sorting, with the various shipments being moved to cars appropriate for each shipment's routing.
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